Authors of this paper carried out a broader international research aimed at assessing the computer science education at upper secondary level of education - ISCED 3A. The assessed school subjects were informatics and programming as the most common school subjects taught at secondary schools within computer sciences. The assessment was based on the students' evaluations, their points of view and opinions, what was a specific feature of the research. The paper presents main findings and results for the school subject programming obtained in Slovakia (SK) and the Czech Republic (CZ). As a weakness of teaching programming in both countries inadequate quality of textbooks or a lack of appropriate textbooks in general was identified. As strength of the programming teaching in the Czech Republic attractiveness of the content of the school subject programming (its curriculum) was identified and in Slovakia it was the clearness of teachers' presentations of teaching material.
The paper presents the results of an international research on a comparative assessment of the current status of computer science education at the secondary level (ISCED 3A) in Slovakia, the Czech Republic, and Belgium. Evaluation was carried out based on 14 specific factors gauging the students' point of view. The authors present qualitative findings from the following nine analyzed factors: the popularity of computer science/informatics as a subject, the potential of using knowledge gained by studying informatics at school in everyday life, the attractiveness and demands of the curriculum content, the clarity and attractiveness of teacher presentation of the subject matter to students, the engagement of tasks solved while studying informatics, the degree of comprehensibility of informatics textbooks, and the usability of knowledge acquired in school for solving practical problems. Based on the results, the authors identify the strengths and weaknesses of computer science education in the observed countries.
In their paper the authors deal with the vital issues of creation and application of electronic teaching materials for natural science subjects teaching. They describe an experimental examination of qualitative impact of these aids on education. The authors present a part of research results, which they obtained in a major research focused on possibilities to influence students` attitudes and approaches to particular subjects, mainly the less favorite ones. To be more specific they deal with possibilities to eliminate students` very negative attitude to physics. Their target group were 17-19 aged students and the means applied to change the attitudes of this group to physics were specially designed multimedia education materials and interactive flash animations Principles of Geometry Optics covering basic topics from geometry optics.